Buenaventura Báez (1812 – 1884)
Politician who served five terms
1849-1853 | 1856-1858 | 1865-1866 | 1869-1874 | 1876-1878
as president of the Dominican Republic and is noted principally for his attempts to have the United States annex his country.
This building belonged to Mr. Buenaventura Baez (1812-1884), a Dominican politician who was born in a village called Azua. He was elected president of the Dominican Republic for five times oscillating between the years 1849 to 1878.
It seems that Mr. Buenaventura Baez himself never lived in this house although he was the owner, but his sons and grandchildren did. One of them was Dr. Ramón Baez, who was born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico and elected president of the Dominican Republic from the 27th of August till 15th of December 1914.
His son Francisco Baez and his daughter Natalie Baez lived here, too.
Steps of his Government
He governed from
- 24th of September 1849 till 15th of February 1853
- 8th of October 1856 till 12th of June 1858
- 8th of December 1865 till 29th of May 1866
- 2nd of May 1868 till 2nd of January 1874
- 27th of December 1876 till 2nd of March 1878
Buenaventura Baez was born in a village called Rincón Neyba on 14th of July 1812. This village is called Cabral today belonging to the municipality of Barahona. He was the son of Pablo Altagracia Baez and Teresa de Jesús Méndez.
In 1827 he was sent to France to study there. The material support that he received from his father helped him a lot to occupy an important position in the Dominican society.
In 1843 he became representative of Azua in the congress. During the period of Haitian occupation he tried to obtain French protection using the famous Plan Levsseur.
He took part in the battle of Azua on 19th of March 1844 fighting against the dominating Haitians.
He is considered as a conservative man with a trend to France. Due to his activities using the French protection the Trinitarian Government took him prison. In March he opposed together with Pablo Duarte the army’s retiring planned by Pedro Santana when fighting the Haitian invaders.
He was one of the signers of the Manifest of Separation from Haiti on the 16th of January 1844 and collaborated with Pedro Santana during the Haitian annexing. He was the most important leader of the colored party and his main collaborators were Felíx Maria del Monte and Manuel Maria Gautier.
He was the founder of the Saint Buenaventura College in Santo Domingo and another college in Santiago. His public life finished with the end of his last government. He died in the community of Hormiguero in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, on the 14th of March 1884 and his bones were brought here in 1914, when one of his sons, Dr. Ramon Baez, was president.
Characteristics of his Governments
He fought the Haitian reign of the Soulouque and looked for protection of the United States. He promoted Public Education.
He realized the redistribution of land for the agriculturists. He acquired seven ships for the Navy. In 1857 he provoked a very difficult financial situation issuing monetary notes without covering.